Palermo was invaded and conquered in the 9th century by
Muslims, commonly known as Saracens, who imported and grew
lemons, oranges, pistachios, as well as their distinctive
geometric compact Arabic architecture which had a particular
persistent influence on the following Sicilian styles,
especially after the Norman conquest when splendid churches
and a new Royal Palace were built.
The Island was a landmark in the high medieval wave of Latin
Christian expansion across the Mediterranean world but its
multicultural aspect was never
destroyed or forgotten .
The Arab-Norman Itinerary, includes a visit to the
splendid Palatine Chapel renowned for its marvelous mosaics,
the Cathedral of Palermo built at the place of the great
mosque and the ex monastery Saint John of the Hermits with
the exotic red domes and a cute garden.